Diabetic neuropathy is a combination of various syndromes of damage to the nervous system, which is formed as a result of metabolic disorders in people suffering from diabetes mellitus. This diagnosis is the most common and negative type of complications of diabetes mellitus.
The symptoms of diabetic neuropathy directly depend on the affected area of the nervous system. If the peripheral nervous system is disrupted, numbness, burning, tingling of the subcutaneous integuments, pain in the feet and fingers, short-term convulsions are possible. It is also worth noting an increased sensitivity to any effect on the skin, vulnerability to temperature pathogens disappears. The autonomous subspecies of this disease is characterized by complications in the activity of internal organs, such as: heart, stomach, intestines, genitals. The lesion of nerve endings and formations is characteristic of focal neuropathy. There are also focal and diffuse subspecies that can negatively affect local areas of the body and the entire nervous system, respectively.
Complications caused by peripheral neuropathy lead to deformities of the toes and hands, the formation of ulcers on the legs, prolonged convulsions. Autonomous neuropathy flows into arrhythmia, provokes a decrease in blood pressure, an increased risk of a heart attack, the development of pathologies of vital organs.
The treatment of this diagnosis is carried out in stages and sequentially, the main task is to bring the sugar level back to normal. The patient is prescribed a daily dose of insulin or antidiabetic drugs. An individual patient nutrition plan is developed, and the level of physical activity is determined. Blood pressure is monitored. In the first place, the intake of B vitamins, magnesium, zinc, antioxidants, painkillers, and anticonvulsants is put forward. Sometimes doctors resort to methods of electrical nerve stimulation, magnetotherapy, laser therapy, acupuncture, and physiotherapy.